17 U.S. Code § 107 - Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include—
(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes [all mirrored content falls under this clause, any ads present are mirrored from the original site, mirrored content earns me no revenue whatsoever];
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work [this is a unique resource for the mentally ill, and preservation of it can be argued to be incredibly important];
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. [absolutely none whatsoever, as the original work no longer exists anywhere else (outside of whatever bits and pieces archive.org managed to capture) - the original site was intermittantly completely unavailable for a extended period of time before its SSL certificate expired (and was never renewed), and eventually the site went offline for good, then finally the DNS records were removed at some point prior to May 2018, so at this point it is well beyond the 'dead and rotting' stage]
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

This domain is not controlled by Jerod Poore, and I will NOT continue redirecting traffic from this domain to crazymeds.us [as I formerly did] while Jerod continues with his immature temper tantrum over adblock or continues to fail to maintain his site, fucking over his entire community and countless visitors in the process. [belated clarification: with specific regards to the adblock drama I was referring to Poore at one point replacing his entire site with a single page complaining about the amount of revenue lost to users with ad blocking active, which is something that I took extreme exception to because this affected ALL visitors to the site regardless of if or if not they were actually using ad blocking]
This mirror is unfortunately incomplete (and very slightly outdated), as /CrazyTalk/ was not included when I scraped the site (it was far too large to scrape given the site's extremely poor performance, my wish to avoid worsening the poor performance further, and other factors). If you're looking for a replacement forum, I suggest visiting https://www.crazyboards.org/forums/. There are issues with many of the mirrored pages, I am working on identifying and fixing them, but I do not have the time to address every single issue at this moment (although by now the majority of these issues have been resolved). Dynamic content is obviously completely broken (this is beyond my control), and the loss of /CrazyTalk/ is quite bad given how much good user-generated info was on there, but you have Jerod to "thank" for that. Maybe I'll bring it back online at some point, but it wouldn't be the same as before. For now, I suggest visiting CrazyBoards instead.
Note (Oct 9 2018): Infrequent additional updates regarding the status of this site will be posted on https://info.crazymeds.net

< List of benzodiazepines | Benzos Index | Tips on taking or discontinuing benzodiazepines

1.  Approved Uses

1.1  Anxiety Spectrum Conditions

Probably the best-known, and most common use of benzodiazepines. The nice thing about benzos is you can take them every day or only when you need them (as required, or prn in doctor-speak).

Benzos with FDA-approval to treat anxiety disorders, mostly generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), with or without panic attacks and/or agoraphobia, are:

  • Ativan (lorazepam)
  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Librium (chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride)
  • Serax (oxazepam)
  • Tranxene (clorazepate dipotassium)
  • Valium (diazepam)
  • Xanax (alprazolam)

1.2  Epilepsy

Their original use, replacing the much older and more dangerous barbiturates. When it comes to epilepsy these days benzodiazepines are primarily used to treat status epilepticus, the non-stop seizures that can lead to brain damage or even death. So you’d either get a dose at the hospital, from an EMT, or, if your life really sucks, at home when it looks like you might be in for status. Some are still taken on a daily basis, almost always with other meds, to treat epilepsy.
Benzos Used for Status Epilepticus:

  • Ativan (lorazepam)
  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Versed (midazolam)
  • Onfi (clobazam)
  • Valium (diazepam)

Benzos Used to Treat Epilepsy:

  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Onfi (clobazam)
  • Tranxene (clorazepate dipotassium)
  • Valium (diazepam)

1.3  Sleep Disorders

As with anxiety spectrum disorders, benzos can be taken nightly or as required. They are also better known as treatments for sleep disorders than as antiepileptic drugs. Unlike the other two approved indications, hardly anyone has heard of the benzos approved to treat sleep disorders:

  • Prosom (estazolam)
  • Doral (quazepam)
  • Dalmane (flurazepam hydrochloride)
  • Halcion (triazolam)
  • Restoril (temazepam)

1.4  Alcohol Withdrawal

The convulsions associated with alcohol withdrawal are also known as delirium tremens, the DTs, the shakes, and numerous other names. Benzos have been used to treat these for a long time, and are the first-line drug of choice. I love the irony of giving a crazy med, and thus socially unacceptable, especially since it’s associated with a nasty withdrawal syndrome, to someone to get them through the potentially life-threatening withdrawal syndrome of a socially acceptable drug. Benzos approved to treat alcohol withdrawal are:

  • Librium (chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride)
  • Tranxene (clorazepate dipotassium)
  • Valium (diazepam)

1.5  Preanesthesia

You think they give you a benzo before surgery to relax you? Wrong. At least, that’s no longer the main reason they use them. The wonderful side effect of memory loss is why benzos are such popular method of preparing people for the anesthesia to follow. It’s the Ativan or Valium that gives you the “where the hell am I” feeling when you come around in the recovery room. Assuming you don’t have a paradoxical reaction to benzos, in which case you get to enjoy the experience of anesthesia awareness.

  • Ativan (lorazepam)
  • Valium (diazepam)

2.  Off-Label Uses

2.1  Bipolar Disorder

Using, or at least insisting upon, a benzodiazepine as the primary, or only, mood stabilizer should be listed as a symptom of borderline personality disorder. You may as well be using Neurontin (gabapentin). In fact Neurontin would be better, as there’s far less risk of discontinuation syndrome. Neither one is going to work, so you may as well use the less risky placebo. I can understand having a benzo on hand for breakthrough manias if you’ve been through a lot of antipsychotics, both first- and second-generation, and they turned out to be ineffective and/or truly intolerable.1 Taking Ativan or Xanax on those days when you’re bouncing off of the ceiling and the Lamictal alone isn’t doing it for you is a legitimate use of a benzo for bipolar disorder.

  • Ativan (lorazepam)
  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Onfi (clobazam)
  • Valium (diazepam)
  • Xanax (alprazolam)

Klonopin (clonazepam), Onfi (clobazam), and Valium (diazepam), being the longest-lasting and having the most anticonvulsant effect of the commonly-prescribed benzos in the US are the only ones with a snowball’s chance in hell of doing anything in the way of mood stabilization when added to a real mood stabilizer.

2.2  Depression

Given how benzos are CNS depressants, depression is a common side effect of their long-term use, and they have a potential for abuse and addiction, depression seems to be a greater self-defeating application than bipolar disorder. But does that stop people from using them? Of course not. Since anxiety and depression often go hand-in-hand, it’s easy to confuse what condition is being treated with which med. So taking a benzo to treat the anxiety that accompanies depression is not, in my book, an off-label treatment of depression. Even if your doctor neglected to put an anxiety disorder in your chart. As for treating depression without anxiety, the benzos that may actually be worthwhile, when used along with an actual antidepressant of some kind are:

  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Xanax (alprazolam)

2.3  Sleep Disorders

While not approved to treat sleep disorders, these meds are probably prescribed far more often than the benzos with approval.

  • Ativan (lorazepam)
  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Xanax (alprazolam)

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< List of benzodiazepines | Benzos Index | Tips on taking or discontinuing benzodiazepines

1 Say side effects along the line of dystonia, tardive dyskinesia, or diabetes, and not gaining five pounds or needing to sleep 7 or 8 hours a night like a normal person.

Common Uses of Benzodiazepines (benzos) by Jerod Poore is copyright © 2012
Author: Jerod Poore. Date created: 20 September 2012 Last edited by: Jerod Poore on: 2013–06–12

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Keep up with Crazymeds and and/or my slow descent into irreparable madness boring life. Pick your preferred social media target(s):

Almost all of the material on this site is by Jerod Poore and is copyright © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 Jerod Poore. Except, of course, the PI sheets - those are the property of the drug companies who developed the drugs the sheets are about - and any documents that are written by other people which may be posted to this site will remain the property of the original authors. You cannot reproduce this page or any other material on this site outside of the boundaries of fair use copying without the express permission of the copyright holder. That’s usually me, so just ask first. That means if want to print out a few pages to take to your doctor, therapist, counselor, support group, non-understanding family members or something like that - then that’s OK to just do. Go for it! Please. As long as you include this copyright notice and something along the lines of following disclaimer, I’m usually cool with it.

All rights reserved. No warranty is expressed or implied in this information. Consult one or more doctors and/or pharmacists before taking, or changing how you take any neurological and/or psychiatric medication. Your mileage may vary. What happened to us won’t necessarily happen to you. If you still have questions about a medication or condition that were not answered on any of the pages you read, please ask them on Crazy Talk: the Crazymeds Forum.
The information on Crazymeds pertains to and is intended for adults. While some information about children and adolescents is occasionally presented (e.g. US FDA approvals), pediatric-specific data such as dosages, side effects, off-label applications, etc. are rarely included in the articles on drugs or discussed on the forum. If you are looking for information regarding meds for children you’ll have to go somewhere else. Plus we are big pottymouths and talk about S-E-X a lot.
Know your sources!
Nobody on this site is a doctor, a therapist, or a pharmacist. We don’t portray them either here or on TV. Only doctors can diagnose and treat an illness. While it’s not as bad as it used to be, some doctors still get pissed off by patients who know too much about medications, so tread lightly when and where appropriate. Diagnosing yourself from a website is like defending yourself in court, you suddenly have a fool for a doctor. Don’t be a cyberchondriac, thinking you have every disease you see a website about, or that you’ll get every side effect from every medication1. Self-prescribing is as dangerous as buying meds from fraudulent online pharmacies that promise you medications without prescriptions.
All information on this site has been obtained from the medications’ product information / summary of product characteristic (PI/SPC) sheets and/or medication guides - which is all you get from sites like WebMD, RxList, NAMBLA NAMI, etc., the sources that are referenced throughout the site, our personal experience and the experiences family, friends, and what people have reported on various reputable sites all over teh intergoogles. As such the information presented here is not intended as a substitute for real medical advice from your real doctor, just a compliment to it. You should never, ever, replace what a real doctor tells you with something from a website on the Internet. The farthest you should ever take it is getting a second opinion from another real doctor. Educate yourself - always read the PI/SPC sheet or medication guide/patient information leaflet (PIL) that comes with your medications and never ever throw them away. OK, you can throw away duplicate copies, but keep at least one, as that’s your proof of purchase of having taken a med in case a doctor doubts your medical history. Plus they take up less space than a bottle, although keeping one inside of a pill bottle is even better.
Crazymeds is not responsible for the content of sites we provide links to. We like them, or they’re paid advertisements, or they’re something else we think you should read to help you make an informed decision about a particular med. Sometimes they’re more than one of those things. But what’s on those sites is their business, not ours.
Very little information about visitors to this site is collected or saved. From time to time I look at search terms used and which pages they bring up in an effort to make the information I present more relevant. And the country of origin, just because I’m geeky like that. That’s about it. Depending on how you feel about Schrodinger, our privacy policy should either assuage or exacerbate your paranoia.
Crazymeds is optimized for ridiculously large screens and browsers that don’t block ads. I use Firefox and Chrome, running under Windows 72. On a computer that sits on top of my desk. With a 23 inch monitor. Hey, at least you can make the text larger or smaller by clicking on the + or - buttons in the upper right hand corner. If you have Java enabled. Like 99% of the websites on the planet, Crazymeds is hosted on domain running an open source operating system with a variety of open source applications, including the software used to display what you’ve been reading. As such Crazymeds is not responsible for whatever weird shit your browser does or does not do when you read this site3.
No neurologists, psychiatrists, therapists or pharmacists were harmed in the production of this website. Use only as directed. Void where prohibited. Contains nuts. Certain restrictions may apply. All data are subject to availability. Not available on all mobile devices, in the 12 Galaxies Guiltied to a Zegnatronic Rocket Society, or in all dimensions of reality. Hail Xenu!

‘Everything is true, nothing is permitted.’ - Jerod Poore

1 While there are plenty of books to help you with hypochondria, for some reason there’s not much in the way of websites. Then again, staying off of the Internet is a large part of curing/managing the disorder.

2 Remember kids, Microsloth operating systems are like TOS Star Trek movies with in that every other one sucks way, way more. With TOS Star Trek movies you don’t want to bother watching the odd-numbered ones. With Microsloth OS you don’t want to buy and install the even-numbered ones. Anyone who remembers ME and Vista knows what I mean.

3 Have I mentioned how open source operating systems for commercial applications is one of the dumbest ideas in the history of dumb ideas?* I don’t even need my big-ass rant any more. Heartbleed has made my case for me. And that’s just the one that got all the media attention. The very nature of an open source operating system makes security as much of an illusion as anonymity on teh Intergoogles. Before you flip out too much: the domain Crazymeds is hosted on uses a version of SSL that is not affected by the Heartbleed bug. That’s one of the many reasons why I pay a lot of money and keep this site on Lunarpages.

* Yes, I know I’m using open source browsers. I also test the site using the now-defunct IE and Safari browsers. Their popularity - and superiority - killed IE and Safari, so that’s why I rely on the open source browsers. It’s like brand vs. generic meds. Sometimes the generic is better than the brand.

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