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Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include—
(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes [all mirrored content falls under this clause, any ads present are mirrored from the original site, mirrored content earns me no revenue whatsoever];
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work [this is a unique resource for the mentally ill, and preservation of it can be argued to be incredibly important];
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. [none, as the original work no longer exists outside of archive.org and this website - update: the original site is intermittantly completely unavailable and has a SSL certificate that expired months ago, so this still holds as most users will be unable to access it easily if at all (and now as of May 2018 the original site is completely offline and no longer even has any A records in its DNS)]
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

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This mirror is unfortunately incomplete (and very slightly outdated), as /CrazyTalk/ was not included when I scraped the site (it was far too large to scrape given the site's extremely poor performance, my wish to avoid worsening the poor performance further, and other factors). If you're looking for a replacement forum, I suggest visiting https://www.crazyboards.org/forums/. There are issues with many of the mirrored pages, I am working on identifying and fixing them, but I do not have the time to address every single issue at this moment (although by now the majority of these issues have been resolved). Dynamic content is obviously completely broken (this is beyond my control), and the loss of /CrazyTalk/ is quite bad given how much good user-generated info was on there, but you have Jerod to "thank" for that. Maybe I'll bring it back online at some point, but it wouldn't be the same as before. For now, I suggest visiting CrazyBoards instead.
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treatment options for bipolar disorder



Drugs for Bipolar Disorder >

What is a Mood Stabilizer?

That all depends on whom you ask.

In Essential Psychopharmacology: Neuroscientific Basis and Practical Applications Stahl writes that the FDA states there is no such thing as a mood stabilizer. That’s not quite true. Granted, there is no “mood stabilizer” product subcategory (under psychotherapeutic agents) in the PDR, but the old “antimanic” has been replaced with “bipolar agents.” Lamictal is approved to “delay the time to occurrence of mood episodes in patients treated for acute mood episodes with standard therapy.” Which is about as close to “mood stabilizer” as you can get. Seroquel is approved to treat bipolar mania, mixed states, and bipolar depression; and that about covers the entire tripolar disorder spectrum,1 unless someone knows of a fourth pole.

If you ask PubMed you’ll get several answers. In What makes a drug a primary mood stabilizer? the answer is mainly along the antimanic definition. In What exactly is a mood stabilizer? the answer is “at least two of antimanic, antidepressant and prophylactic properties.” Using those criteria Celexa and Lexapro are mood stabilizers, as they prevent relapses better than other SSRIs.

I’d prefer a more precise taxonomy of true mood stabilizers - Lamictal, Seroquel, lithium, and some others to a lesser extent - vs. antimanics such as Depakote and Risperdal. That would be both confusing to most people, since we’ve all grown up on “mood stabilizer = anticonvulsant” so it’s difficult enough to make people understand AED and “mood stabilizer” are not synonyms, and not entirely correct, as some meds that are primarily antimanics can have antidepressant qualities for some-to-many people.

Practically every type of medication has been thrown at bipolar disorder at one time or another. Way back when bipolar was called “manic-depression” it seemed as if every drug in the PDR was tried. And while various things are still thrown at people for whom nothing else is working, most everyone is prescribed either an antiepileptic drug (AED)/anticonvulsant (AC) or an antipsychotic (AP), usually an atypical antipsychotic (AAP), as their primary medication to control bipolar disorder. Sometimes one is enough, sometimes one is part of a cocktail that includes an antidepressant, sometimes they need one (or more) of each, with or without other types of meds. The majority of people with bipolar disorder need one or two daily meds, and their doctors get it right the first or second time. As long as you don’t want perfection and keep the perspective that the side effects suck so much less than the insanely stupid things you can do when manic, let alone when you feel like shit due to this illness, you probably won’t have to ride the med-go-round too often or for too long.



Pages about Mood Stabilizers



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Drugs for Bipolar Disorder >


1 It's about 40 seconds in, but watch the entire clip.


Mood Stabilizers by Jerod Poore is copyright © 2011 Jerod Poore

Last modified on Thursday, 04 June, 2015 at 17:04:40 by JerodPoorePage Author: Jerod PooreDate created: 26 January 2011

All drug names are the trademarks of someone else. Look on the appropriate PI sheets or ask Google who the owners are. The way pharmaceutical companies buy each other and swap products like Monopoly™ real estate, the ownership of any trademarks may have changed without my noticing.



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