17 U.S. Code § 107 - Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include—
(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes [all mirrored content falls under this clause, any ads present are mirrored from the original site, mirrored content earns me no revenue whatsoever];
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work [this is a unique resource for the mentally ill, and preservation of it can be argued to be incredibly important];
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. [absolutely none whatsoever, as the original work no longer exists anywhere else (outside of whatever bits and pieces archive.org managed to capture) - the original site was intermittantly completely unavailable for a extended period of time before its SSL certificate expired (and was never renewed), and eventually the site went offline for good, then finally the DNS records were removed at some point prior to May 2018, so at this point it is well beyond the 'dead and rotting' stage]
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

This domain is not controlled by Jerod Poore, and I will NOT continue redirecting traffic from this domain to crazymeds.us [as I formerly did] while Jerod continues with his immature temper tantrum over adblock or continues to fail to maintain his site, fucking over his entire community and countless visitors in the process. [belated clarification: with specific regards to the adblock drama I was referring to Poore at one point replacing his entire site with a single page complaining about the amount of revenue lost to users with ad blocking active, which is something that I took extreme exception to because this affected ALL visitors to the site regardless of if or if not they were actually using ad blocking]
This mirror is unfortunately incomplete (and very slightly outdated), as /CrazyTalk/ was not included when I scraped the site (it was far too large to scrape given the site's extremely poor performance, my wish to avoid worsening the poor performance further, and other factors). If you're looking for a replacement forum, I suggest visiting https://www.crazyboards.org/forums/. There are issues with many of the mirrored pages, I am working on identifying and fixing them, but I do not have the time to address every single issue at this moment (although by now the majority of these issues have been resolved). Dynamic content is obviously completely broken (this is beyond my control), and the loss of /CrazyTalk/ is quite bad given how much good user-generated info was on there, but you have Jerod to "thank" for that. Maybe I'll bring it back online at some point, but it wouldn't be the same as before. For now, I suggest visiting CrazyBoards instead.
Note (Oct 9 2018): Infrequent additional updates regarding the status of this site will be posted on https://info.crazymeds.net


Follow these links to the previous and next pages, or the index page.
Drug Guide Index
Clicking on a link in the Table of Contents will take you to that section of the drug guide.

The Expanded Brand / Trade Name and Generics Page provides details about:

  • All the names we know of for a drug
  • Where it is available
  • Where it is available as a generic
  • If there are any known differences/problems with generic versions
  • The different forms it is available as
  • All the different ways it might be classified

1.  US brand name

I realize it’s pretty obvious, but this is the page on a drug’s name.

2.  Available as the US brand name in these countries

  • A list of the countries we know of where the drug is available under the same brand/trade name as in the US.
  • If a drug is available in the EU we’ll generally list it as “EU,” although the UK and Ireland are listed separately because we’re a primarily English-language site. Plus the UK tends to be more independent on more matters than any other EU member state, so it should probably be listed separately no matter what language a site like this is in.

3.  Other trade name(s) for a drug used in these countries

If we know of any other brand/trade names that are used for a med, we’ll list them here, along with the countries where they are used. A lot of these data come from Mosby’s Drug Consult.

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3.1  Generic Name and Availability

A drug’s generic, or international nonproprietary name (INN) is how it is uniquely identified around the world. Unless it’s not.2. The generic version of a med is are often available in other countries long before they are in the US3.

4.  Generic name / international nonproprietary name

The drug’s generic name. I’m usually pretty anal about indicating the salt (hydrochloride/HCl, hydrobromide/HBr, etc.) or whatever is used to squeeze the base chemical into the capsule or tablet.

5.  Is generic {{$$brandname}} available in the US?

Yes or No

6.  The generic is also available in these countries

List of countries where we know the generic form is available

7.  Branded generic names1 & transcribed or transliterated INN/generic name2

List of branded generic names. More often than not the branded generic names from other countries will be listed above as trade names. We can’t always tell and Mosby’s doesn’t identify them one way or the other.

7.1  Known Brand-Generic Differences

In theory the generic version of a med is the same as the brand-name version. In practice that is usually, but not always the case. Especially with crazy meds. If we know of any problems with particular generics, or if some generics are better than others, we’ll let you know.

8.  Specific generics with complaints or preferred generics manufacturers

List of generic meds people prefer (e.g. Teva’s lamotrigine) or have had problems with (e.g. Teva’s Budeprion).

9.  Generics with independently-tested bioequivalence data

We can’t always find these, but if we do find any source stating a drug really does live up to the bioequivalence standard, we’ll listed. That doesn’t solve the brand vs. generic problem for everyone (sensitivities to inert ingredients like dyes are the source of a lot of problems), but it’s something.

And still more ads.



9.1  Forms and Classes

10.  Available / supplied as

Tablets, capsules, extended release, immediate release, suppositories, whatever.

11.  Shelf life

Most drugs have an expiration date of one year past their prescribed or distributed date. That’s not usually the case. In this age of both patients and EMTs needing to use expired medications, for one reason or another, a more accurate comes in handy. The US doesn’t require a shelf life to be published on the PI sheet, but the UK and New Zealand do, so this information comes from the UK electronic Medicines Compendium or the New Zealand Medicine Data Sheets database. The FDA does require shelf life to be on the new drug application (NDA), but NDAs are difficult to find and are usually heavily redacted (large amounts of text blacked out, or entire pages omitted), so it’s easier for me to get that information from sources outside of the US. Where the governments apparently care about the health of their citizens more than corporate profits, or something.

12.  Drug classes / categories

The primary class is usually what a drug is originally approved for, with chemistry being a huge determinate factor. E.g. Topamax is an antiepileptic drug (AED), although Johnson & Johnson/Ortho-McNeil are pushing Topamax for migraines far more than for seizures.
Additional categories include other approved, and popular off-label uses. So while Lamictal is also primarily an AED, it’s also a mood stabilizer (approved) and antidepressant (off-label).



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Drug Guide Index
Follow these links to the previous and next pages, or the index page.


1 The term "branded generic" has three meanings:
1) A generic drug produced by a generics manufacturer that is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company that makes the branded version. E.g. Greenstone Pharmaceuticals makes gabapentin, and they are owned by Pfizer, who also own Parke-Davis, the makers of Neurontin.
2) A branded generic is also a generic drug given a 'brand' name by the manufacturer (e.g. Teva's Budeprion), but otherwise has the same active ingredient as the original branded version (Wellbutrin).
3) A branded generic is also a generic drug given a 'brand' name by the manufacturer (e.g. Sanofi-Aventis' Aplenzin, which is bupropion hydrobromide) and uses a salt of the active ingredient that is different from the original branded version and other generics (Wellbutrin, Budeprion and all the others are bupropion hydrochloride). The FDA says they're the same thing, and, as usual, the data are contradictory. While most evidence indicates that the FDA is right and the differences are negligible, keep in mind that base paroxetine is over 20 times as potent as base fluoxetine, but because of paroxetine's screwy pharmacokinetics and the way the salts are absorbed, it takes only 20mg of Prozac (fluoxetine hydrochloride) to be the equivalent of 10mg of Paxil (paroxetine hydrochloride).
For our purposes a "branded generic name" refers to the second and third definitions. We'll note if any preferred generics are manufactured by the pioneering company's subsidiary.

2 In some countries the INN / generic name is transcribed into a local phonetic equivalent. In Spanish it's often so close as to be redundant (e.g. topiramato vs. topiramate). In Finnish it's close to being a different drug (e.g. escitalopram vs. essitalopraami). I can understand the need to transliterate the INN / generic name into another alphabet (topiramate becomes топирамат in Russian), but giving a med a different generic name using the Latin alphabet just makes it difficult to find.

3 Protection of intellectual property is in Article I, Section 8 of the US Constitution. That's right after all the rules about money and the post office, and well before anything regarding war and what the President gets to do. That tradition is why the US has the strongest patent and copyright laws on the planet, and why it takes forever for generic versions of drugs to be available here. America really was the first country based on capitalism, albeit not the libertarian wet dream some people think it was. But if you don't like it, then move to China or Canadia with all the other commie pinkos and let those of us who can't afford to pay full retail stay crazy and die in peace.



Page created by: Jerod Poore. Date created: 2 August 2011 Last edited by:





Page design and explanatory material by Jerod Poore, copyright © 2003 - 2015. All rights reserved.
Keep up with Crazymeds and and/or my slow descent into irreparable madness boring life. Pick your preferred social media target(s):

Almost all of the material on this site is by Jerod Poore and is copyright © 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 Jerod Poore. Except, of course, the PI sheets - those are the property of the drug companies who developed the drugs the sheets are about - and any documents that are written by other people which may be posted to this site will remain the property of the original authors. You cannot reproduce this page or any other material on this site outside of the boundaries of fair use copying without the express permission of the copyright holder. That’s usually me, so just ask first. That means if want to print out a few pages to take to your doctor, therapist, counselor, support group, non-understanding family members or something like that - then that’s OK to just do. Go for it! Please. As long as you include this copyright notice and something along the lines of following disclaimer, I’m usually cool with it.



All rights reserved. No warranty is expressed or implied in this information. Consult one or more doctors and/or pharmacists before taking, or changing how you take any neurological and/or psychiatric medication. Your mileage may vary. What happened to us won’t necessarily happen to you. If you still have questions about a medication or condition that were not answered on any of the pages you read, please ask them on Crazy Talk: the Crazymeds Forum.
The information on Crazymeds pertains to and is intended for adults. While some information about children and adolescents is occasionally presented (e.g. US FDA approvals), pediatric-specific data such as dosages, side effects, off-label applications, etc. are rarely included in the articles on drugs or discussed on the forum. If you are looking for information regarding meds for children you’ll have to go somewhere else. Plus we are big pottymouths and talk about S-E-X a lot.
Know your sources!
Nobody on this site is a doctor, a therapist, or a pharmacist. We don’t portray them either here or on TV. Only doctors can diagnose and treat an illness. While it’s not as bad as it used to be, some doctors still get pissed off by patients who know too much about medications, so tread lightly when and where appropriate. Diagnosing yourself from a website is like defending yourself in court, you suddenly have a fool for a doctor. Don’t be a cyberchondriac, thinking you have every disease you see a website about, or that you’ll get every side effect from every medication1. Self-prescribing is as dangerous as buying meds from fraudulent online pharmacies that promise you medications without prescriptions.
All information on this site has been obtained from the medications’ product information / summary of product characteristic (PI/SPC) sheets and/or medication guides - which is all you get from sites like WebMD, RxList, NAMBLA NAMI, etc., the sources that are referenced throughout the site, our personal experience and the experiences family, friends, and what people have reported on various reputable sites all over teh intergoogles. As such the information presented here is not intended as a substitute for real medical advice from your real doctor, just a compliment to it. You should never, ever, replace what a real doctor tells you with something from a website on the Internet. The farthest you should ever take it is getting a second opinion from another real doctor. Educate yourself - always read the PI/SPC sheet or medication guide/patient information leaflet (PIL) that comes with your medications and never ever throw them away. OK, you can throw away duplicate copies, but keep at least one, as that’s your proof of purchase of having taken a med in case a doctor doubts your medical history. Plus they take up less space than a bottle, although keeping one inside of a pill bottle is even better.
Crazymeds is not responsible for the content of sites we provide links to. We like them, or they’re paid advertisements, or they’re something else we think you should read to help you make an informed decision about a particular med. Sometimes they’re more than one of those things. But what’s on those sites is their business, not ours.
Very little information about visitors to this site is collected or saved. From time to time I look at search terms used and which pages they bring up in an effort to make the information I present more relevant. And the country of origin, just because I’m geeky like that. That’s about it. Depending on how you feel about Schrodinger, our privacy policy should either assuage or exacerbate your paranoia.
Crazymeds is optimized for ridiculously large screens and browsers that don’t block ads. I use Firefox and Chrome, running under Windows 72. On a computer that sits on top of my desk. With a 23 inch monitor. Hey, at least you can make the text larger or smaller by clicking on the + or - buttons in the upper right hand corner. If you have Java enabled. Like 99% of the websites on the planet, Crazymeds is hosted on domain running an open source operating system with a variety of open source applications, including the software used to display what you’ve been reading. As such Crazymeds is not responsible for whatever weird shit your browser does or does not do when you read this site3.
No neurologists, psychiatrists, therapists or pharmacists were harmed in the production of this website. Use only as directed. Void where prohibited. Contains nuts. Certain restrictions may apply. All data are subject to availability. Not available on all mobile devices, in the 12 Galaxies Guiltied to a Zegnatronic Rocket Society, or in all dimensions of reality. Hail Xenu!

‘Everything is true, nothing is permitted.’ - Jerod Poore


1 While there are plenty of books to help you with hypochondria, for some reason there’s not much in the way of websites. Then again, staying off of the Internet is a large part of curing/managing the disorder.

2 Remember kids, Microsloth operating systems are like TOS Star Trek movies with in that every other one sucks way, way more. With TOS Star Trek movies you don’t want to bother watching the odd-numbered ones. With Microsloth OS you don’t want to buy and install the even-numbered ones. Anyone who remembers ME and Vista knows what I mean.

3 Have I mentioned how open source operating systems for commercial applications is one of the dumbest ideas in the history of dumb ideas?* I don’t even need my big-ass rant any more. Heartbleed has made my case for me. And that’s just the one that got all the media attention. The very nature of an open source operating system makes security as much of an illusion as anonymity on teh Intergoogles. Before you flip out too much: the domain Crazymeds is hosted on uses a version of SSL that is not affected by the Heartbleed bug. That’s one of the many reasons why I pay a lot of money and keep this site on Lunarpages.

* Yes, I know I’m using open source browsers. I also test the site using the now-defunct IE and Safari browsers. Their popularity - and superiority - killed IE and Safari, so that’s why I rely on the open source browsers. It’s like brand vs. generic meds. Sometimes the generic is better than the brand.

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